A reading test is hard to take seriously sometimes—after all, reading is a basic skill! Yet, students lack the ability to read college level material. You can pre-assess your skills by taking the following reading profile. If you do not read much, find time to read. Successful college students read extensively. In the pages that follow you will find sample-reading exercises that are similar to those found on the ASSET placement test. Students who do not successfully complete the reading test are not eligible for dual enrollment English courses. 1. Do you enjoy reading? a. Always b. Sometimes c. Never 2. What is your most common purpose for reading? a. Pleasure b. Work c. School 3. About how many hours per week do you spend reading for all purposes? a. 0-2 hours b. 3-5 hours c. 6-10 hours d. 11 or more hours
4. Do you read newspapers? a. Yes b. No 5. If you had more free time, would you choose to spend more time reading? a. Yes b. No 6. How would you rate your ability as a reader? a. Excellent b. Good c. Average d. Poor
Sample Reading Skills Test DIRECTIONS: The passage below is followed by 8 questions. After reading the passage, choose the best answer to each question and blacken the corresponding space on your answer sheet. You may look back at the passage as often as you wish.
The Industrial Revolution got under way first in England. This is a historical fact of the utmost significance, for it explains in large part England's primary role in world affairs in the nineteenth century. Consequently, the question of why the Industrial Revolution began where it did is of much more than academic interest. The problem may be simplified by eliminating those countries that could not, for one reason or another, have generated the Industrial Revolution. Italy at one time had been an economic leader but had dropped behind with the Discoveries and the shift of the main trade routes from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic. Spain had been economically predominant in the sixteenth century but had then lost out to the northwestern states for various reasons already noted. Holland had enjoyed her Golden Age in the seventeenth century, but she lacked the raw materials, labor resources, and water power necessary for machine production. The various countries of Central and Eastern Europe had been little affected by the Commercial Revolution and hence did not develop the technical skills, the trade markets, and the capital reserves needed for industrialization. This leaves only France and Britain as possible leaders, and of the two, England had certain advantages that enabled her to forge far ahead of her rival. In commerce, for example, the two countries were about equal in 1763, or, if anything, France was somewhat in the lead. But France had a population three times that of England. France a1so lost ground in foreign trade when she was driven out of Canada and India in 1763. Furthermore, the blockade of the British fleet during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars reduced French commerce to about half its 1788 value, and the loss was not restored until 1825. Another important advantage enjoyed by Britain is that she had taken an early lead in the basic coal and iron industries. Because the forest reserves were being depleted, Britain early began using coal for fuel and for smelting iron. By the time of the French Revolution in 1789, Britain was producing about 10 million tons of coal per year, while France was producing 700,000 tons. A contemporary poet sensed the significance of this unlimited source of power for English industry when he wrote,
England's a perfect World! has Indies too! Correct your Maps! New-castle is Peru.
England also pioneered in the development of the blast furnace which, in contrast to the old forges, could mass-produce iron. In 1780 Britain's iron output had been a third that of France; by 1840, it was three times more. All this meant that Britain was pushing ahead in the production of goods of mass consumption for which there was a large and steady demand, whereas France specialized more in luxury commodities of limited and fluctuating demand. Perhaps Voltaire had this in mind when he wrote in 1735, "In truth we are the whipped cream of Europe."
From L. S. Stavrianos, The World Since 1500: A Global History.
I. Raw materials II. Technical skills III. A large population